About Equestrian （Olympic sport since 1900）
Equestrian events were included in the Olympic Games for the first time in 1900 and then in 1912, in a format very similar to that which will be used at the Athens 2004 Olympic Games.
In the past, the three-day event (Eventing) was restricted to military officers, while the jumping and dressage competitions were open to civilians, but only a handful of civilian riders competed up to 1948. Up to that time, the growth of modern sport had been rapid, but relatively few competitors were involved in international competitions. They all knew each other and the judges and were accepting of local variations to the fairly simple rules which existed. With the inclusion of the sport in the Olympic Games, it became obvious that some internationally recognised rules for the three Olympic disciplines were essential. In May 1921, delegates from 10 national equestrian organisations met in Lausanne to discuss the formation of an international federation.
Equestrian consists of three disciplines: Jumping, Dressage and Eventing (Three-Day Event).
Equestrian refers to the related skills of riding, driving and training horses over obstacles. Equestrian has the practical use of work and transportation, and also has the meaning of leisure, entertainment and culture. It is a competitive sport and the only competition for men and women in the Olympics.
The equestrian competition requires a jockey and a horse to match the horse's skill, speed, endurance and ability to overcome obstacles. In the Olympic Games, it is divided into dressage, obstacle course and three-day competition, each with group and individual gold medals. A total of 6 gold medals were produced.